Friday, November 17, 2017

URUMI , THE INVINCIBLE KALARI SWORD , WOOTZ STEEL , ancient Kerala metallurgy - CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL







SOMEBODY ASKED ME –

IF EGYPTIAN QUEENS NEFERTARI, NEFERTITI AND HATSHEPUT ARE FROM PUNT ( MALABAR KERALA) — WHAT ABOUT CLEOPATRA --- WAS SHE ALSO FROM KERALA ( IN A SACRACSTIC MANNER )

INDEED

AND THIS WILL RAISE MY REVELATIONS TO 51.90 %

LISTEN CLEOPATRAs BABY CAESARION WAS DELIVERED IN ROME BY A SURGERY EXPERT SENT BY THE CALICUT KING ..

THIS SURGEON WAS KEPT IN THE ROMAN PALACE WELL IN ADVANCE BY JULIUS CAESAR AS AN ASTROLOGER HAD PREDICTED THAT CLEOPATRA WOULD DEVELOP COMPLICATIONS .

Vaginal delivery failed and emergency surgery was carried out. The child would have epilepsy later –like his father Julius Caeser.

IT IS A LIE THAT THE PLANETs FIRST CAESAREAN DELIVERY WAS DONE IN ROME.

THE 6200 YEAR OLD TEXTS OF SUSRUTA ELUCIDATE SUCH CHILD DELIVERIES BY SURGERY

http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.in/2011/02/fathers-of-surgery-and-medicine-4200-bc.html

MUZIRIS PORT IS KODUNGALLUR ( CRANGANORE ) AND WAS OWNED BY THE CALICUT KING

MUZIRIS HAD EXTENSIVE SPICE SHIPPING TRADE WITH THE RED SEA EGYPTIAN PORT OF BERENICE ( BERENIKE ). THE WHITE HISTORIAN HAS THE “MUZIRIS PAPYRUS SCROLL” .

The Murziris Papyrus tells that a Customs due of 25%, was levied by the King of Calicut on spices imported via Berinice and other Red Sea harbors. The Calicut king has similar customs tax collection/ free trade outposts in Salalah, Mecca, Petra, Madein Saleh, Palmyra( Tadmor ) , Jerusalem, etc

The main camel overland route for spices was from Palmyra in Syria to Mesopotamia, the Parthian Empire and beyond. A secondary, more northerly overland route branched off from the first and connected Armenia to the western segment of the Silk Road leading to Central Asia. A southern overland route led from Gaza on the Mediterranean, through the Nabataean Kingdom, with Petra at its hub, into Arabia. It served the spice, incense and aromatics trade into the Roman Empire and Constantinople ( by ships )

http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.in/2017/05/land-of-punt-ophir-and-sheba-is-north.html

JULIUS CAESAR WAS A HINDU AND SO WERE ALL ROMAN SENATORS ( SORRY ITALIAN WAITRESS ).

CLEOPATRA VII WAS FROM THE LAND OF PUNT ( MALABAR )
JULIUS CAESARS PERSONAL SWORD WAS FOUND IN KODUNGALLUR AND THE WHITE INVADER TOOK IT AWAY. BUT WE HAVE FOUND HUNDREDS OF GOLD COINS WITH JULIUS CEASARS FACE AND INSCRIPTION ON IT .

CLEOPATRAs SON CAESARION WAS SENT TO BERNICE PORT AS SOON AS CLEOPATRA KNEW THAT JULIUS CAESARs ADOPTED SON OCTAVIAN WOULD COME TO EGYPT TO KILL HER SON

AS SOON AS OCTAVIAN INVADED EGYPT SON CAESARION ( 15 YEARS OF AGE ) WAS SENT BY SHIP TO MUZIRIS, TO THE CALICUT KING FOR SAFETY , WITH LOT OF GOLD FOR HIS SAFE UPKEEP IN LUXURY

JULIUS CAESARS ONLY SON WAS CHRISTENED AS PTOLEMY XV PHILOPATOR PHILOMETOR CAESAR ON BIRTH. HE WAS EIGIBLE TO RULE BOTH ROMAN EMPIRE AND EGYPT . SUCH WAS HIS ROYAL LINEAGE.

Caesarion ( little Caesar ) born at Rome in 47 BC was the last Pharaoh of the Ptolemaic dynasty. He was NOT killed by Octavian as history suggests .

Julius Caesar was murdered in 44 BC. Cleopatra committed suicide in 30 BC before Octavian ( later Augustus Caesar ) could kill her.

Augustus was Roman emperor from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.. Julius Caesar was his maternal great-uncle .

Octavian was named in Caesar's will as his adopted son and heir.

Mark Antony had charged that Octavian had earned his adoption by Caesar through sexual favours

Octavian , Mark Antony, and Marcus Lepidus formed the Second Triumvirate to defeat the assassins of Caesar.

Following their victory at the Battle of Philippi, the Triumvirate divided the Roman Republic among themselves and ruled as military dictators. The Triumvirate was eventually torn apart by the competing ambitions of its members.

Lepidus was forced into retirement by Octavian in 36 BC. Octavian and Mark Antony were then left in control of the Western and Eastern provinces respectively.

Mark Antony committed suicide following his defeat at the Battle of Actium by Octavian in 31 BC.

CONTINUED TO 2-




  1. CONTINUED FROM 1-

    After Julius Caesar’s death, Cleopatra needed to maintain a close relationship with Marcus Antonius ( Mark Antony ) because he controlled the eastern Roman Empire, her geographical neighbor.

    Cleopatra had twins, Alexander Helios and Cleopatra Selene, as well as another son, Ptolemy Philadelphos, all by Marcus Antonius.
    Cleopatra lived in Rome with Julius Caesar from 47 BC to 44 BC.

    Caesar was assassinated in Rome in 44BCE. Cleopatra took her son back to Egypt and they began to rule there as co-rulers. It was known that while Cleopatra wanted her son to rule the country with her she did not give up any of her authority. This was not surprising since the boy was only three years of age when he was proclaimed King of Egypt.

    After Cleopatra commited suicide , Octavian then declared himself ruler of Egypt, and went on to become the first Roman emperor, under the name of Augustus.

    After Octavian’s death Cleopatra’s son went back from Calicut to Egypt as a commoner.

    Few images of Caesarion survive. He is thought to be depicted in a partial statue found in the harbor of Alexandria in 1997. He is also portrayed twice in relief, as an adult pharaoh, with his mother on the Temple of Hathor at Dendera. His infant image appears on some bronze coins of Cleopatra.

    PLUTARCH HAS WRITTEN THAT CAESARION WAS SENT TO INDIA.

    BECAUSE OF PLUTARCH ( 46 AD TO 120 AD ) WE KNOW OF APOLLONIUS OF TYANA ON WHOM JESUS CHRIST ( WHO NEVER EXISTED ) WAS MODELLED AFTER

    http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.in/2016/10/the-huge-statue-of-colossus-of-rome-at.html
    Caesarion was born in Egypt on June 23, 47 BC.. Caesarion has his father’s eyes , hair and manners ( including epilepsy )

    After Caesar's assassination on March 15, 44 BC, Cleopatra and Caesarion returned to Egypt. Caesarion was named co-ruler by his mother on September 2, 44 BC at the age of three, although he was pharaoh in name only, with Cleopatra keeping actual authority all to herself.

    Cleopatra compared her relationship to her son with the Egyptian goddess Isis and her divine child Horus


    We have this in our records “ Prime Minister Chanakya was concerned that Chandragupta might be poisoned by his enemies, so started introducing small amounts of poison into the emperor’s food in order to build up a tolerance. Chandragupta was unaware of this plan, and shared some of his food with his wife Durdhara when she was very pregnant with their first son. Durdhara died, but Chanakya the professor of Surgery at Taxila university rushed in and performed an emergency operation to remove the full-term baby. The infant Bindusara survived, but a bit of his mother’s poisoned blood touched his forehead, leaving a blue bindu spot that inspired his name”.
    I wonder why we attribute Caesarian births to a Roman king —for he came more than 2 centuries later .

    http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.in/2014/08/chanakya-taxila-university-professor.html

    WELL WELL- WHAT DO YOU KNOW

    Read all 4 parts --
    http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.in/2016/04/apollonius-or-jesus-christ-who-is-real.html

    Capt ajit vadakayil
    ..

  2. SOMEBODY CALLED ME UP AND SAID

    WHY ARE YOU GIVING BULL ABOUT JULIUS CAESARs SON ( WITH CLEOPATRA ) GIVING HIS FATHERs SWORD TO THE CALICUT KING AFTER HE ESCAPED FROM OCTAVIAN --

    HE ESCAPED BY SHIP VOYAGE FROM BERENIKE ( BERENICE -EHYPT ) TO MUZIRIS ( KODUNGALLUR - KERALA -INDIA ) 

    WELL I CANT ANSWER THIS BY A COMMENT--AS I NEED TO PUT PICTURES

    THE SAME SKEPTIC HAD ONCE ASKED ME WHAT THE HELL YOU YOU MEAN BY SHARPENING SWORDS BY KEEPING IT INSIDE THE EGYPTIAN PYRAMIDS 

    WELL THIS IS NOT A LIE--THESE ARE SELF HEALING METALLURGY SWORDS USED FOR KERALAs FAMOUS URUMI SWORDS . 
    JULIUS CAESAR USED KERALA METALLURGY KALARI SWORDS ( WOOTZ STEEL ) --IT WAS JUST HOME COMING. 



    THE SWORD WAS MADE BY THE CALICUT KING FOR JULIUS CAESAR-- PERSONAL BRAND --KING TO KING .
    WELL WELL WHAT DO YOU KNOW

    I HAVE NOT STARTED BLOGGING.

    BUT I SHALL POST A NEW BLOG

    capt ajit vadakayil
    ..


Below:  This white fellow talks about PATTA sword--  well URUMI is what he means carried hidden like a trouser belt around the waist. 

The metallurgy was poison infused and oozed out as the FLEXIBLE blade got warm . 

One nick was enough and the enemy will go home and die a most painful death --worse than a cobra bite 

PATTA in pure Malayalam means "long flat metal band " . 

90% Malayalis use the word PATTA instead of URUMI

In slang we say PATTA ADIKKAL ( means having deadly potent country liquor ) 


The Kerala Kalari swords never needed resharpening as the edges were self healing .    


It healed and sharpened by itself faster inside the Egyptian Giza pyramid—and I had written about it 7 years ago.

When someone read about it and he also saw the lemon and green chillies hanging , he sarcastically told me—“ This is superstition”

I did NOT reply—I am not in the habit of educating CUNTS



Kerala Kalari Urumi steel ( renamed Wootz steel after Jew Rothschild stole the metallurgy process for Germany and then banned it in Kerala ) was sought after by the Pharoah , the Roman Emperors . 



The famous Damascus steel sword used by Saladin in the crusades was an extra heavy and long one –which only he was strong enough to wield was Wootz steel made in Calicut.  

This unbreakable sword chopped up the swords of Crusaders like dry brittle sticks



WHEN I SAID THAT MALABAR ( LAND OF PUNT ) WAS NEVER CONQUERED IN HISTORY THE SECRET IS THIS WOOTZ STEEL SWORDS USED IN KALARI.  

THIS MOST FERTILE , MOST BEAUTIFUL , MOST INTELLECTUAL AND RICHEST LAND ( OF NORTH KERALA )WAS FINALLY CONQUERED BY LONG RANGE AND ACCURATE FRENCH ROTHSCHILD ROCKETS GIVEN TO JEW TIPU SULTAN



ZAMORIN ( KING OF CALICUT ) COMMITTED SUICIDE AS HIS HONOUR COULD NOT BEAR A FIRST DEFEAT INFLICTED ON A PROUD KINGDOWM NEVER EVER DEFEATED IN WAR






Kerala kalari words placing inside the pyramids in a  N/S direction sharpens by itself to razor edges


WHEN I INTRODUCED PASSIVATION AT SEA – ALL CRIED “WHAT THE FUCK!”



Wootz steel is a crucible steel characterized by a pattern of bands, which are formed by sheets of micro carbides within a tempered martensite or pearlite matrix in higher carbon steel, or by ferrite and pearlite banding in lower carbon steels.   It is weapon grade steel produced in Malabar since the days of King Mahabali


The metallurgy of the sword has inherent cementite nanowires, and carbon nanotubes in its microstructure.  There is an abundance of ultrahard metallic carbides in the steel matrix precipitating out in bands.  


The Japanese Samurai sword is a piece of shit when compared to UNBREAKABLE and extra sharp Kalari swords.  Kerala gave sword making technology to the Chinese and Japanese




NOWHERE ON THIS PLANET HAVE THEY BEEN ABLE TO REPLICATE THE DEADLY KALARI URUMI SWORD -- 3 METRES LONG , DOUBLE SIDED AND SERRATED --OOZING TOXIC METALS 



ALL OVER WIKIPEDIA TAMIL PRIDE CUNTS HAVE CLAIMED MUZIRIS  ( KODUNGALLUR ) FOR THEMSELVES

THEY NEVER FAIL TO PUT A RIDICULOUS COOKED UP TAMIL STORY SILAPPADIKARAM IN THE SAME LINE.

THE AGAMA AGENTS OF FAKE MUTTS CREATED BY JEW ROTHSCHILD HAVE DESTROYED THE LEGACY OF KODUNGALLUR --  WHICH HAD ONE OF THE  OLDEST SHIVA TEMPLES AND THE OLDEST UNIVERSITY ON THIS PLANET





The flexibility of the URUMI came from drawing out the steel into cotton type fibres and then being compressed.  

Thorium fund plenty is the sand of Kerala is included in each melt along with some organic herbs for the proper segregation of the micro carbides to take place. 

A secret ingredient is Shiva Lingam ( black meterorite ) fine powder which is what self sharpens the sword inside a pyramid while in the N/S direction .    



When the Wootz sword makes contact with another sword it rings and reverberates like a TIBETAN SINGING BOWL.  This would strike terror in the hearts of the enemy who knows for sure that  his sword will son be broken by a superior sword.



captainji

Is Damascus Steel and wootz steel same ?


thank you




  1. SALADIN HAD A "DAMSASCUS STEE"L SWORD MAKE IN KERALA

    THIS STEEL SWORD MUST BE HIT WITH A METAL HAMMER -- IT WILL RING LIKE A BELL AND REVERBERATE FOR A LONG TIME

    THIS IS THE ONLY TEST

DAMASCUS STEEL IS KERALA STEEL 




THE WHOLE WORLD WONDERED

ANCIENT GREEKS DISCOVERED AND INVENTED ALMOST EVERYTHING FOR 300 YEARS—AND THEN THEIR FOUNTAINHEAD OF GENIUS SUDDENLY RAN DRY ?

EVERY VESTIGE OF KNOWLEDGE OF ANCIENT GREECE IS FROM KODUNGALLUR UNIVERSITY OWNED BY THE CALICUT KING —WHERE THESE GREEKS WERE STUDENTS

WE IN INDIA NEVER PATENTED OUR KNOWLEDGE .

OUR BOOKS ON ASTRONOMY , MATH, SCIENCE PHILOSOPHY HAD NO AUTHORS NAMES AFFIXED. 

THE BASTARD GREEKS LIFTED IT AND PATENTED THE KNWLEDGE IN THEIR OWN NAMES.   

EVEN TODAY OPPORTUNIST GREEKS ARE THE BIGGEST THIEVES

WHEN WE CAME TO KNOW , KODUNGALLUR UNIVERSITY BLACKBALLED ALL GREEKS

AFTER THAT THE WHITE MAN USED ARABS AS MIDDLE MEN

THEY USED ARABS TO BUY KNOWLEDGE TRANSLATED INTO ARABIC FOR PURE GOLD —AS THESE ARABS DID NOT HAVE BRAINS TO UNDERSTAND SIMPLE TECHNICAL MATTERS

THE WHITE MAN WENT TO GREAT LENGTHS TO DELETE EVERY VESTIGE OF HISTORY WHICH INDICATED THAT GREEKS CAME TO KERALA BY SHIP IN THE DAYS THEIR FOUNTAINHEAD OF KNOWLEDGE WAS IN FULL FLOW FOR THREE CENTURIES.

THEY GAVE BULLSHIT EXPLANATION FOR ROMAN GOLD COINS UNEARTHED AT MUZIRIS IN VERY LARGE QUANTITIES

BUT HEY, WE UNEARTHED A DOCUMENT CALLED “MUZIRIS DOCUMENT “ ( also known as Vienna papyrus ) AND THE CAT WAS FINALLY OUT OF THE BAG.

EVEN TODAY MODERN TRADE HAS COPIED FROM THE ANCIENT KERALA SPICE TRADE COMMERCIAL SYSTEM OF BILLS OF LADING





  


The front side (recto) of the papyrus looks like a contract.   Due to its importance for the present study, I will provide its text in full, using Casson's 1990 transcription and translation (Casson, 1990: 200):



QUOTE : … of your other agents and managers. And I will weigh and give to your cameleer another twenty talents for loading up for the road inland to Koptos, and I will convey [sc. the goods] inland through the desert under guard and under security to the public warehouse for receiving revenues at Koptos, and I will place [them] under your ownership and seal, or of your agents or whoever of them is present, until loading [them] aboard at the river, and I will load [them] aboard at the required time on the river on a boat that is sound, and I will convey [them] downstream to the warehouse that receives the duty of one-fourth at Alexandria and I will similarly place [them] under your ownership and seal or of your agents, assuming all expenditures for the future from now to the payment of one-fourth—the charges for the conveyance through the desert and the charges of the boatmen and for my part of the other expenses. With regard to there being—if, on the occurrence of the date for repayment specified in the loan agreements at Muziris, I do not then rightfully pay off the aforementioned loan in my name—there then being to you or your agents or managers the choice and full power, at your discretion, to carry out an execution without due notification or summons, you will possess and own the aforementioned security and pay the duty of one-fourth, and the remaining three-fourths you will transfer to where you wish and sell, re-hypothecate, cede to another party, as you may wish, and you will take measures for the items pledged as security in whatever way you wish, sell them for your own account at the then prevailing market price, and deduct and include in the reckoning whatever expenses occur on account of the aforementioned loan, with complete faith for such expenditures being extended to you and your agents or managers and there being no legal action against us [in this regard] in any way. With respect to [your] investment, any shortfall or overage [sc. as a result of the disposal of the security] is for my account, the debtor and mortgager…UNQUOTE 




LET ME SHOW YOU POISON INJECTED BY A TAMIL PRIDE CUNT WITH A BIG BLACK FAT ASS


QUOTE:  A large number of significant finds have been made providing evidence of the cargo from the Malabar Coast and the presence of TAMIL people from South India and Jaffna being at this last outpost of the Roman Empire.


"Among the unexpected discoveries at Berenike were a range of ancient Indian goods, including the largest single concentration (7.55 kg) of black peppercorns ever recovered in the classical Mediterranean world (“imported from southern India” and found inside a large vessel made of Nile silt in a temple courtyard); substantial quantities of Indian-made fine ware and kitchen cooking ware and Indian style pottery; Indian-made sail cloth, basketry, matting, etc. from trash dumps; a large quantity of teak wood, black pepper, coconuts, beads made of precious and semi-precious stones, cameo blanks; “a TAMIL Brahmi graffito mentioning Korra, a South Indian chieftain”; evidence that “inhabitants from TAMIL South India (which then included most of Kerala) were living in Berenike, at least in the early Roman period”; evidence that the TAMIL population implied the probable presence of Buddhist worshippers; evidence of Indians at another Roman port 300 km north of Berenike; Indian-made ceramics on the Nile road; a rock inscription mentioning an Indian passing through en route; “abundant evidence for the use of ships built and rigged in India”; and proof “that teak wood (endemic to South India), found in buildings in Berenike, had clearly been reused”(from dismantled ships)."[7]

AIYOOO ,   SILAPAPPADIKARAM  KA  QUOTATION  ENGE  THAMBI  ?



QUOTE:  Muziris (Muchiri,[1] Muyirikode,[1] Makotai, Mahodayapuram) was an ancient seaport and urban center on the Malabar Coast (modern-day Indian state of Kerala) that dates from at least the 1st century BC, if not before it. Muziris has found mention in the bardic TAMIL Sangam literature.  The derivation of the name "Muziris" is said to be from the native TAMIL name to the port, "Muciri" (TAMIL, முசிறி). In the region, Periyar river perhaps branched into two like a cleft palate (an abnormal facial development) and thus gave it the name "Muciri." It is frequently referred to as Muciri in Sangam poems, Muracippattanam in the Sanskrit epic Ramayana, and as Muyirikkottu in a copper plate of an 11th-century Chera ruler. A tantalizing description of Muziris is in Akanaṉūṟu, an anthology of early TAMIL bardic poems (poem number 149.7-11) in Eṭṭuttokai[18] "the city where the beautiful vessels, the masterpieces of the Yavanas [Westerners], stir white foam on the Culli [Periyar], river of the Chera, arriving with gold and departing with pepper-when that Muciri, brimming with prosperity, was besieged by the din of war."  Three TAMIL-Brahmi scripts were also found in the Pattanam excavations. The last TAMIL-Brahmi script (dated to c. 2nd century AD, probably reading "a-ma-na", meaning "a Jaina" in TAMIL) was found on a pot-rim at Pattanam.UNQUOTE 



THAMBI WITH BIG, BLACK FAT ASS - AIYYOOO ( I know who this Tamil Pride cunt is --I will expose him soon

IN ONE POT WITH TAMIL INSCRIPTION --

THEY FOUND SAMBHAR,  RASAM , WITH SOME PULIYODHARAI THROWN IN FOR GOOD MEASURE  –   ALONG WITH SOME PAGES OF SILAPAPPADIKARAM 



HERE IS A TAMIL SONG FOR THAT TAMIL PRIDE  ASSHOLE WITH A BIG BLACK ASS TO DANCE TO




Muziris was a port city, owned by the Calicut King-- among the earliest of its kind in the world. Spice City to the ancient historians , Muziris was also known as Murachipattanam.

In Ramayana, Murachipattanam is the place where Sugreeva's ( Vali’s brother) monkey horde sleuths searched through while looking for the abducted Sita.



WE ALL KNOW HOW OLD VALMIKIs  RAMAYANA IS .  


In the Muziris document spices and ivory went out . Kerala imported Grappa ( not wine ) in jars from Rome .Grappa is an alcoholic beverage, a fragrant, grape-based pomace brandy of Italian origin that contains 65 percent alcohol by volume ( 120 US proof). 

Fermentation and distillation must occur on the pomace—no added water..Grappa is primarily served as a digestivo or after-dinner drink, to aid in the digestion of heavy meals.   In ancient days Ayurevda used Grappa as an ingredient in kashayams

 The Muziris papyrus document is written in Greek. It was dated the mid-2nd century CE.    It is unique in the Greco-Roman papyri corpus, in that it mentions a port in India, named Muziris

The Peutinger table shows Muziris on the Roman map and even alludes to an Augustus temple (Agasthya temple) in Muziris.   Writers like Ptolemy, Pliny and so on had written much about the trade,

Berenike (Berenice ) served as a key transit port between ancient Egypt and Rome on one side of the Red sae. On the other side the sea posts were Aden and Salalah. Almost all the sea worthy huge ships were made in Calicut ( Beyore ) with Teak and Rosewood.

The text  estimates the value of the goods after a 25% tax has been deducted.  This  amount itself is HUMONGOUS -- one shipload worth some 7 million Drachmas or sestertia (An elite  solider was paid 800 drachma per annum). The spices , amomatic nard, fine cotton/silk cloth and ivory were the most valuable items in the holds.

Strabo estimated more than 150 large ships going to Muziris every year, and multiplying the figure of 7 million drachmas with the ships, you can imagine how much money flowed into Muziris and Calicut King’s coffers  . The cost of failure meant death, so big were the amounts..

Gold came to India. Diamonds went out of India

Till the white man discovered diamonds in South Africa in 1886, diamonds were available only in India.  In 1726 the white man had found some" low quality" diamonds on a Brazilian river bed. The next discovery was in 1906 in Congo.





The first and second pages of this contract letter are lost so we are unable to know the name of the merchants who were engaged in business and the exact transactions at Muziris.  In 1985 H. Harrauer and P. Sijpesteijn published the contents of this papyrus

One of the great contributions of the papyrus is the concrete evidence it furnishes of the huge amounts of gold that the trade with India required.  The six parcels of the shipment recorded on the verso had a value of just short of 1155 talents almost as much as it cost to build the aqueduct at Alexandria ..  

The parcel of ivory and the parcel of fine cotton fabric together weighed 92 talents and were worth 528,775 drachmas.  Loaded with cargoes of the likes of that recorded in this papyrus, they were veritable super-treasure ships.

The extant portion of the verso side of the “Muziris papyrus” (PVindob G 40822 v = SB XVIII 13617 v) contains the monetary evaluation of three-quarters of a Kerala  cargo loaded on the ship Hermapollon.

Among the commodities are 167 elephant tusks weighing 3,228.5 kgs and schidai weighing 538.5 kgs.

Schidai are best fragments of tusks trimmed away from captive Kerala elephants. Indian elephants have betterand SOLID ivory meant for women’s combs and ornate decorations .

The texts on the Papyrus Vindobonensis G 40822,1 now widely known as the “Muziris papyrus,” will stand the test of time as among the most significant pieces of evidence related to Indo-Roman trade.

The extant portion of the text on the verso contains the monetary evaluation of three-quarters of the cargo loaded on the ship Hermapollon at Muziris, mentioned in the text on the recto.

771 money talents and 4,632 drachmae recorded at col. i, ll. 25-263 are the value of (almost) three-quarters of the pepper cargo

Schidai ( sawn off tusk ) represent less than 1% of the entire value of the Hermapollon’s cargo, and their weight was little more than half a ton.

Tusk trimming is a standard practice in Kerala . 

Regular trimming of elephant tusks is mentioned in the Arthashastra ( of Kerala professor Chanakya ) , in the lines that end the section dedicated to the duties of the hastyadhyakṣa, the “superintendent of the elephants”

danta-mūla-parīṇāha-dvi-guṇaṃ projjhya kalpayet /abde dvy-ardhe nadī-jānāṃ pañca-abde parvata-okasām//

Leaving the double length of the circumference of the tusk at the root, he should cut [sc. the rest], every two years and a half in the case of those [sc. elephants] from river-banks, every five years in the case of those from mountainous regions


Approximately the same rules are mentioned in Kerala sage Varahamihira’s Bṛhat Saṃhita.

dantasya mūlaparidhiṃ dvirāyataṃ prohya kalpayeccheṣam/ adhikamanūpacarāṇāṃ nyūnaṃ giricāriṇāṃ kiñcit//

Having left the double length of the circumference of the tooth at its root, cut the rest; more (often) in those elephants that live in the humid places, a little less often in those that live in the mountain.



SAWING OFF TUSKS WAS NOT TO MAKE MONEY.    






IT WAS CONSIDERED ESSENTIAL TO ENSURE THAT THE ELEPHANT IS NOT HAMPERED BY HUGE UNWIELDY TUSKS



The practice of leaving ‘the double length of the circumference of the tooth at its roots’ addresses the need to avoid cutting into the living pulp of the tusk.

As mentioned, in the Muziris papyrus the schidai have a lower value (70 drachmae per mina) than the entire tusks of sound ivory (100 drachmae per mina).



Again, the African elephant hollow ivory is vastly inferior to Kerala elephant ivory

Below: INFERIOR hollow African elephant ivory--fit only for burning 



Ivory is a very durable material that is not easily damaged or destroyed; it will not burn and is very little affected by immersion in water.    

 Inlaid diamonds will NOT fall of.



Ivory is similar to a hardwood in some of its properties. It is quite dense, it polishes beautifully, and it is easily worked with woodworking tools



The 538.5 kgs of schidai shipped out by the ship Hermapollon were trimmings taken from captive elephants.   Unlike SHIT African ivory, Kerala ivory is heavy

The papyrus contains incomplete texts on both its sides. Its back side (verso) contains an account of goods shipped from India to Egypt on a SINGLE voyage of the ship Hermapollon. It calculates values and customs payments based on weight and prices.   

The goods that could be identified in the one column that was sufficiently preserved include 60 containers of Gangetic nard (a fragrance), ivory tusks and ivory fragments.  Much of the list was not preserved and the exact status of the prices, before tax, including tax, or after tax, is not clear.  The total weight of the shipment is calculated at nearly 4,000kg, and its value, according to one calculation, in Alexandrian prices after taxes, was nearly 7 million Drachmas, a huge amount equal to that needed to buy a HUGE premium estate in Italy.

The goods were placed under the supervision of the lender’s agents in the Red Sea port, in Koptos and in Alexandria. These agents could make sure that the goods would not escape the lender’s control. They could possess the goods on behalf of the lender in case of repayment default. This could be understood as a technical shipping method that allows the lender closer monitoring of the whereabouts of the goods and their upkeep. The second part, on the other hand, deals not with physical monitoring but with the use of the goods as a security for the loan. 

It says: "there then being to you or your agents or managers the choice and full power, at your discretion, to carry out an execution without due notification or summons, you will possess and own the aforementioned security." This looks like a legal act making the goods subject to hypotheca or pledge.  This part of the agreement uses the terms "security," "pledge," "rehypothecate," clearly indicative terminology.

The clauses preceding the security-forming clauses: “if, on the occurrence of the date for repayment specified in the loan agreements at Muziris, I do not then rightfully pay off the aforementioned loan … there then being to you or your agents or managers the choice and full power, at your discretion, to carry out an execution” can be viewed as an optional element built into a sea loan contract. 

It seems to be a call option for the lending financier to possess the goods rather than further await the money. The "you" party could "sell them for your own account at the then prevailing price." In fact, the borrowing party could also exercise a call option by failing to promptly repay his debt. Instead, he could hand over the goods rather than go through the effort of selling them on the market.

According to the terms of the loan agreement, the lender has recourse only to the assets, for whose purchase the loan was used, but has no recourse to the borrower personally, his other business assets, his personal assets or his body. Admittedly, non-recourse is viewed in the finance literature as an option contract.  But from an asset partitioning perspective, the non-recourse clause has the effect of separating pools of assets rather than as establishing a right to sell at will at an agreed upon price (

This option hedges the downside risks of the borrowing traveling merchant, allowing him to hand over the goods when their Alexandria market price drops. The lender’s option allows the lender to capture some of the upside, in the case of a rise in prices in Alexandria, and share the profits.  These options do not turn the sea loan into a full-fledged profit sharing contract, a precursor of the commenda contract, but make it into a sea loan with some profit-sharing option or market-fluctuation hedging of the loan repayment. 

If one views the option as one that is routinely exercised by the "you" party, or even as a nominal clause, an option that is always exercised by either party, then what we have here is in fact a service or agency contract. The "I" party provides the "you" party with the service of carrying goods from Muziris or from the Red Sea port to Alexandria, and handing them over to the "you" party. He gets money, buys goods, brings them back and delivers. This is not a loan, with an option or security attached to it, but rather a labor or agency contract.     

Let’s sum up the content of the agreement. It has a loan element, an agency element, a security forming element, an option, and possibly a non-recourse element. The main economic concern that the agreement had to address, given the risks involved in long-distance maritime trade with India, was risk allocation. 

The various elements of the agreement focus on this concern. The sea risk was allocated to the lender. The risk of a drop in the price of the imported goods in the Alexandria market was also allocated to the lender. The risk with respect to the price fluctuations in Muziris, with respect to the life and health of the merchant, the loss of investment in labor if there is no profit, and of loss of goods due to negligence rather than sea risks, was borne by the traveling merchant. 

The merchant was monitored by the financiers’ agents from the moment of arrival back in Egypt so that he would not be able to steal and privately sell some of the goods imported from Muziris India. The incentives of the traveling merchant were quite sophisticatedly aligned with those of financier.


The legal-financial device mentioned explicitly on the recto of the Muziris Papyrus is a loan. The surviving sections of the text refer to "loan agreements" and twice to "the aforementioned loan". The "I" party was the borrower. The "you" party was the lender. The Muziris Papyrus could at first sight be viewed as a loan agreement, most likely a sea-loan agreement, as it mentions an agreement made in Muziris and Muziris could only be reached by sea.

The text reflects the wide use of agents in the India trade.   The phrase "your agent" appears five times in the short text; the phrase "your manager," 3 times; and "your cameleer" appears once. One of the parties to the agreement, the stationed party, the "you," seems to have agents spread throughout the trade route, in the Red Sea port, in Koptos and in Alexandria.


The partnership form of business organization is not referred to in the text. Yet, one of only a handful of other records that refer to the trade with “the spice-bearing lands,” of Kerala , India  mentions a consortium. 

That papyrus, dated to the Ptolemaic period, records a contract between a consortium of five merchants and a financier, in which the consortium borrowed money in the form of a sea loan in order to finance a voyage. This arrangement can in fact be understood as a partnership – a partnership of five that borrowed money

HAMMURABIs LAWS ( 1574 BC ) WERE LIFTED FROM THE LAWS OF MANU ( 8300 BC )


The western historians have put the laws of Hammurabi and the ten commandments of Moses ( 1300 BC ) as the first laws of the world.

Hammurabi's maritime laws for sea trade are lifted from laws formulated and adapted by sailors from Kerala, India.

KOPTOS WAS A CUSTOMS SPICE OUTPOST OF THE CALICUT KING NORTH OF BERENIKE ( BERNICE )-LIKE MECCA / PETRA/ PALMYRA / JERUSALEM

The ships went to Berenike and from there cargo was shifted on to camels—which then went to the customs outpost of Koptos.

The ruins of Koptos lie in the center of the modern City of Qift.

After the annexation of Egypt in 30 B.C.E. Berenike became an important player in a series of interconnected local, regional, and wider-ranging trade and communication systems within and beyond the Roman Empire.

The ancient city of Berenike, located approximately 500 miles south of today’s Suez Canal

Excavations at Berenike, a Greco-Roman harbor on the Egyptian Red Sea coast, have provided extensive evidence for trade with Muziris in India

Berenice became important in 275 BC due to it being used as a seaport to Muziris by  Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285–246 BC)

The road across the desert from Coptos was 258 Roman miles long, or eleven days' journey. The road was provided with watering stations

The trade from Berenice along the Red Sea coast is described in the 1st century AD travelogue Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, written by a Greek merchant based in Alexandria.  After the  6th century the port Berenike ( Berenice ) was abandoned.

The port is now nearly filled up, has a sand-bar at its entrance and can be reached only by small craft.  Most important of the ruins is a temple; the remnants of its sculptures and inscriptions preserve the name of Tiberius and the figures of many Hindu deities






ALL WESTERN HISTORIANS WHO CALLED INDIANS BEGGARS , MADE HINDUS SELF LOATHING AND CONVERTED US TO ALIEN RELIGIONS,  CAN ALL FUCK THEMSELVES, WITH  ELEPHANT TUSKS 














https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/entertainment/hindi/bollywood/news/cbfc-returns-padmavati-back-to-sanjay-leela-bhansali/articleshow/61692159.cms

THE MODI GOVT HAVE GIVEN PREPONDERANCE TO A ZIONIST JEW SPONSORED WOMAN NAMED DEEPIKA PADUKONE ( CHITRAPUR MUTT OF JEW ROTHSCHILD -- SHYAM BENEGAL / GIRISH KARNAD ETC ) OVER THE HONOUR OF HINDUS

THIS WILL GO AGAINST YOU-- GUJJU NO 2 NARENDRA DAMODARDAS MODI






WHEN BASTARD ISLAMIC PAINTER MF HUSSAIN SHOWED SITA HAPPILY PREENING HER HAIR SITTING NAKED ON RAVANAs LAP AFTER ILLICIT SEX,    THE COLLEGIUM JUDICIARY CRIED    “ VERY GOOD.   GREAT ARTISTIC FREEDOM”

WE KNOW THESE BASTARD DROHI JUDGES  ..  THEY HAVE RETIRED...

HINDUS HAVE WOKEN UP

RAJPUTS WILL DEFEND THEIR HONOUR

JUST WHO THE HELL IS THE FELLOW SANJAY LEELA BHANSALI—   A MAN WITHOUT WIFE AND CHILDREN AT THE AGE OF 55  ? . 

HIS SERVANTS HAVE BLOWN THE WHISTLE.     WE KNOW WHO HE IS.   


WE KNOW THE SEXUAL PREFERENCES OF MF HUSSAIN TOO.


Below:  DROHI woman ( who looks like a man in a sari ) immediately called MF Hussain an ANGEL --  this KALANK celebrates when Bharatmata bleeds and is one of the most hated women in India.


SOMEBODY EXPOSTULATED

THIS THINGY OF DRONES DELIVERING DRUGS IN PRISONS IS ALL BULLSHIT

OH YEAH ?

DRONES DELIVER CARFENTANIL DRUGS ONLY OF THEIR RECOGNIZE THE FACE OF THE RECIPIENT

MY ELDER SON'S PROJECT AT CORNELL -- WOULD HAVE HAD THIS "FACE RECOGNITION " AT ITS LOGICAL END

HE AND HIS KOREAN PARTNER JUST DID NOT HAVE THE TIME

http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.in/2010/11/my-son-at-cornell-university-capt-ajit_25.html

capt ajit vadakayil
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The most famous Egyptian queen was Nefertari , principal wife of King Ramses II.

She is the most celebrated and widely depicted among the 4 famous Egyptians queens - Cleopatra, Nefertiti, and Hatshepsut.

Nefertari was born in the Land of Punt ( North Kerala –where I am from ). 


 I have seen several depictions of Nefertari burning incense ( from Punt ) in alabaster bowls—which is nothing but a BHARANI from Calicut.   

Nefertari appears as Ramesses II’s consort on many statues in both Luxor and Karnak..   Nefertari is depicted in statue form at the great temple, in Abu Simbel..

The small temple at Abu Simbel was dedicated to Nefertari and Goddess Hathor.. The dedication text on one of the buttresses states :  ‘’ A temple of great and Mighty monuments, for the Great Royal Wife Nefertari Meryetmut, for whose sake the very sun does shine, given life and beloved”

The two colossal standing statues of Nefertari in front of the small temple are equal in size to those of Ramesses II.   I have seen this and the pyramids / sphinx of Giza.

After Nefertari’s death she was buried in tomb QV66 in the Valley of the Queens.

Below Goddess Hathor giving the Aankh to Nefertari



Queen Nefertiti was the chief wife of  of Pharaoh Akhenaten

Nefertiti had many titles including Lady of two lands Punt and Egypt..

Queen Nefertiti ruled Egypt when her  husband Pharaoh Akhentaten was in ill health for a few years before he died. She is remembered as a wise ruler.

After Akhentaten died the people wanted her to continue .. Nefertiti, like  female Pharaoh Hatshepsut, assumed the kingship under the name Pharaoh Neferneferuaten after her husband's death.


capt ajit vadakayil
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CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL
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