Monday, December 11, 2017

BLOCKCHAIN, BITCOIN, BIG BROTHER WILL WATCH AND CONTROL , PART 15 - CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL




THIS POST IS CONTINUED FROM PART 14, BELOW--



http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.in/2017/11/blockchain-proof-of-elapsed-time-intel.html



http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.in/2017/11/blockchain-proof-of-elapsed-time-intel.html

SOMEONE ASKED ME

WHO IS THE MAFIA PUMPING UP THE VALUE OF BITCOIN--AND WHY?

WELL IT IS FOR SURVIVAL ( in this peabrained system ) AND IT IS AN INSIDE JOB !

SMALL TIME PRIVATE MINERS HAVE ALL MELTED AWAY , AS IT IS NO LONGER PROFITABLE --OR JOINED MAFIA MINING POOLS .

The current fiat price of Bitcoin is; critical for calculating profitability –read this line a hundred times .

Mining is NOT profitable at a small scale unless you have access to really cheap electricity ( or you are stealing electricity ).

PoW hashing ensures the proper function of the Bitcoin blockchain. Miners compete to solve a cryptographic “puzzle,” known as a hash.

There are no shortcuts in this process, which can only be solved with raw computational power.

By correctly hashing the current block, miners prove their investment of work and are rewarded with a certain number of newly-created bitcoins.

The number of newly-created bitcoins, awarded to whichever miner creates a block.

This number was initially set to 50, halved to 25 in late-2012, and halved again to 12.5 in mid-2016. The next halving event expected is around mid-2020.

This halving process will continue in this fashion, halving the block reward approximately every four years / 210,000 blocks, until all 21 million bitcoins are created.

Achieving the block reward is the only valid way in which new bitcoins can be created; by miners according to the code’s rate and limit.

Hashrate is the measure of a miner’s computational power.

The higher their relative power, the more solutions (and hence, block rewards) a miner is likely to find.

In early 2017, Bitcoin’s collective hashrate reached nearly 4 Exahash. This represents a tremendous investment into mining hardware, the R&D of such hardware, and electrical expenditure.

With hashrate shooting up over the years, it would seem blocks would be found by miners ever more rapidly.

Bitcoin’s Difficulty measure is what prevents this from happening. It adjusts to hashrate to ensure that blocks are found roughly every 10 minutes.

When total hashrate rises, the Difficulty of POW hashing adjusts upwards – and the inverse also applies.

Difficulty auto-adjusts every two weeks (or 2016 blocks).

Unless you command a tremendous hashrate, your odds of solving a block by yourself (i.e. “solo-mining”) are extremely low.

By banding together with other miners in a so-called pool, your combined odds of solving a block rise proportional to the pool’s total hashrate.

Whenever they solve blocks, pools reward individual miners according to their contributed hashrate (minus commissions and the like).

PRIVATE MINING WILL DIE UNLESS THE BITCOIN VALUE IS KEPT ARTIFICIALLY HIGH--AND THEN MAFIA POOLS WILL TAKE OVER.

There is this ever-changing nature of the Difficulty modifier and danger of low Bitcoin value—which reduces miners’ incentive.

The AntMiner S9 is a modern mining rig which offers a good hashrate for its power consumption.

Bitcoin’s total hashrate – and thus its difficulty, has been consistently rising since the early years

Some big, corporate KOSHER miners found their profit margins under threat from the resulting steep spike in competition. Indeed, in mid-2016, Swedish Bitcoin mining firm KnCMiner declared bankruptcy.

The primary reason for the closing was the upcoming reduction to just 12.5 bitcoins per block mined. Without a significant increase in Bitcoin price, and a high Swedish energy tax, the board of directors and the company’s investors decided to get the HELL out while it was still possible.

Imagine now--why HOME mining is literally dead-- with some APUN BHI MONER CUNTS in India still chugging along on SNAIL equipment --not knowing if they are coming or going

The rate of obsolescence in Bitcoin mining hardware is quite fast! New, more efficient mining hardware ( SUPER EXPENSIVE ) may be released at any time, although we are reaching the technological limits of improved efficiencies.

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    The average home miner has found it IMPOSSIBLE to rake in moolah to even recoup the cost of mining hardware and electricity.

    The situation may improve in future once ASIC mining hardware innovation reaches the point of diminishing returns.

    What, or who, adjusts the difficulty target of solving the cryptographic puzzle (every 2 weeks) to add the new block to the Bitcoin blockchain?

    The network does.

    Every two weeks (or 2016 blocks), the Bitcoin software does a calculation across all created blocks to see how long it took to create them. If the average block creation time is <10 difficulty="" if="" increased.="" is="" it="" minutes="" s="" the="">10 minutes, the difficulty is lowered.

    The reason this needs to be done is because the hashing power on the network is dynamic. New miners can come online and drop off as they please. In order to adjust for this variation, the network has to keep recalculating the optimal network difficulty through this process

    With the value of bitcoin soaring to new heights — more than US$ 17,000 ( two days ago ) — you may be tempted to invest in the latest equipment necessary AGAIN to begin “mining” for it. But while bitcoin mining echoes the Gold Rush of the 1850s, it may take a bit more than simply showing up, pan in hand.

    Mining bitcoin is how this cryptocurrency is released to the world. For you to mine bitcoin, you must attempt to complete a “block” containing recent bitcoin transactions. These transactions are recorded in a digital ledger called blockchain. Once a block is complete, a specified amount of bitcoin is given as a reward.

    Bitcoin miners across the globe race to solve a computational puzzle — called a “hash” — that will add the next block to the blockchain. Once the block is validated, a miner is issued a “block reward.”

    A block reward is an amount of bitcoin given to the person who adds a new block to the blockchain. This amount is cut in half every time 210,000 blocks are solved. In 2009, the block reward began at 50 bitcoin per block. That value was halved to 25 in 2013 and was further reduced to 12.5 in 2017.

    Once miners receive bitcoin, they are given a digital key to the bitcoin addresses. You can use this digital key to access and validate or approve transactions.

    You can keep these digital keys safe with a number of wallet options:

    Desktop wallets. Software like Bitcoin Core allows you to send and store bitcoin addresses and also connects to the network to track transactions.

    Online wallets. Bitcoin keys are stored online by exchange platforms like Coinbase or BTC Market and can be accessed from anywhere.
    Mobile wallets. Apps like Blockchain store and encrypt your bitcoin keys so that you can make payments using your mobile device.

    Paper wallets. Some websites offer paper wallet services, generating a piece of paper with two QR codes on it. One code is the public address at which you receive bitcoin and the other is your private address you can use for spending.

    Hardware wallets. You can use a USB devices created specifically to store bitcoin electronically and your private address keys.

    Yes, people will be willing to make money mining bitcoin ( only if the vaue is pumped high artificially ) . The wildly fluctuating BUBBLE has made large nations wary--and this does not augur well for Bitcoin driven Blockchain.

    With the value of 1 bitcoin rising to over US$ 17000, a block reward of 12.5 bitcoin is a lot of money. When mining first began, there was less competition, and to complete a block required a lot less power. Mining could be done using CPUs found on standard desktop computers.

    Making money mining bitcoin is much more difficult today. Some of the issues contributing to this difficulty include:


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    Hardware prices. The days of mining using a standard CPU or graphic card are gone. As more people have begun mining, the difficulty of solving the puzzles has too increased. ASIC microchips were developed to process the computations faster and have become necessary to succeed at mining today. These chips can cost US$3,000 or more and are guaranteed to further increase in cost with each improvement and update.

    Rise in corporate miners. Hobby miners must now compete with for-profits — and their bigger, better machines — when mining to make a buck.

    Power costs. Running mining equipment all day long can consume a lot of electricity, which you’ll need to weigh up against any mining profits generated.

    Puzzle difficulty. Bitcoin’s protocol adjusts the computational difficulty of the puzzles to finish a block every 2,016 blocks. The more computational power put toward mining, the more difficult the puzzle.

    It came to a stage where only HUGE KOSHER POOLS were making money.These collectives pool the resources of its members and then divide the block reward according to shares. The pool gives these shares to members who can prove how their mining equipment contributed to completing the block-- a mafia controls this

    The mining pool is an arena that will help the Bitcoin miners to share cost the price of a platform. They unite as a team, and once they make money, they have a predetermined KOSHER way of sharing it.

    Pooled mining is a mining approach where multiple generating clients contribute to the generation of a block, and then split the block reward according the contributed processing power. Pooled mining effectively reduces the granularity of the block generation reward, spreading it out more smoothly over time.

    With increasing generation difficulty, mining with lower-performance devices can take a very long time before block generation, on average. For example, with a mining speed of 1000 Khps, at a difficulty of 14484 (which was in effect at the end of December, 2010), the average time to generate a block is almost 2 years.

    To provide a more smooth incentive to lower-performance miners, several pooled miners, using different approaches, have been created. With a mining pool, a lot of different people contribute to generating a block, and the reward is then split among them according to their processing contribution. This way, instead of waiting for years to generate some measly coins ( like Oliver Twist waiting for his gruel ) , a smaller miner may get a fraction of a Bitcoin on a more regular basis.

    A share is awarded by the mining pool to the clients who present a valid proof of work of the same type as the proof of work that is used for creating blocks, but of lesser difficulty, so that it requires less time on average to generate.

    The problem with pooled mining is that steps must be taken to prevent cheating by the clients and the server.

    Many people read about mining pools and think it is just a group that pays out free bitcoins. This is not true! Mining pools are for people who have mining hardware to split profits.

    Many people get mining pools confused with cloud mining. Cloud mining is where you pay a service provider to miner for you and you get the rewards.

    Bitcoin mining tends to gravitate towards countries with cheap electricity.

    As Bitcoin mining is somewhat centralized, a dozen mining companies have claimed the vast majority of network hash power.

    With many of these companies in the same country, only a number of countries mine and export a significant amount of bitcoins.

    China mines the most bitcoins and therefore ends up “exporting” the most bitcoins.

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    One of the big selling points of Bitcoin is that it's meant to be decentralised but it doesn't look like this plays out. Proof of work seems to inevitably lead to all the power going to MAFIA parties that can afford specialised hardware who are in countries with low electricity costs.

    In order to successfully 51% attack Bitcoin network, all that's needed is a combined hashrate higher than the genuine hashrate.

    When Bitcoin driven Blockchain was born--nobody had the BRAINS to figure out its inherent weakness --that the system is susceptibileto fraud if a group of nefarious KOSHER miners control a significant portion of compute power on chain, because verification is based on consensus. Jews getting rich without working has been the story of this planet , right ?

    Bitcoin uses SHA-256 for encryption. If this algorthim is cracked ( by an INSIDE JOB ) then bitcoin is doomed.

    SHA-256 and ECDSA are considered very strong currently, but they WILL be broken in the near future. If that happens, Bitcoin MUST shift to a stronger algorithm.

    An attacker that controls 51% of the network's computing power can, for the time that he is in control, exclude and modify the ordering of transactions. This allows him to:-----
    Reverse transactions that he sends while he's in control. This has the potential to double-spend transactions that previously had already been seen in the block chain.
    Prevent some or all transactions from gaining any confirmations
    Prevent some or all other miners from mining any valid blocks

    The attacker can't:-----
    Reverse other people's transactions without their cooperation
    Prevent transactions from being sent at all (they'll show as 0/unconfirmed)
    Change the number of coins generated per block
    Create coins out of thin air
    Send coins that never belonged to him

    Note that the above limitations only apply to the perspective of Bitcoin as seen by full nodes. Some lightweight nodes work by trusting miners absolutely; from the perspective of Bitcoin as seen by lightweight nodes, miners can steal BTC, etc. This is one of the reasons why lightweight nodes are less secure than full nodes.

    With less than 50%, the same kind of attacks are possible, but with less than 100% rate of success. For example, someone with only 40% of the network computing power can overcome a 6-deep confirmed transaction with a 50% success rate

    It's much more difficult to change historical blocks, and it becomes exponentially more difficult the further back you go. As above, changing historical blocks only allows you to exclude and change the ordering of transactions. If miners rewrite historical blocks too far back, then full nodes with pruning enabled will be unable to continue, and will shut down; the network situation would then probably need to be untangled manually (eg. by updating the software to reject this chain even though it is longer).

    Since this attack doesn't permit all that much power over the network, it is expected that rational miners will not attempt it( OH YEAH ? ).

    A profit-seeking miner should always gain more by just following the rules, and even someone trying to destroy the system might find other attacks more attractive. Probably the most likely scenario where this attack would be employed would be for a government to try to get control over Bitcoin by acquiring a majority of hashing power (either directly or by enforcing rules on private miners within its borders). Then this government could use the transaction-censorship power listed above to do things like:---

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    Prevent any transactions spending "stolen" coins, effectively destroying those coins. If the coins clearly are stolen, then there is a risk that this action will be accepted by the Bitcoin community, but this would set a very damaging precedent. If it becomes possible for coins to be blacklisted in this way, then it is a slippery slope toward blacklisting of other "suspicious" coins.

    Prevent all transactions from unknown people, so everyone has to register with the government in order to transact.

    The appropriate response to any long-term attack by miners is a hardfork to change the proof-of-work function. This fires all existing miners, and allows totally new ones to replace them.

    It is illegal in some countries to possess/distribute certain kinds of data. Since arbitrary data can be included in Bitcoin transactions, and full Bitcoin nodes must normally have a copy of all unspent transactions, this could cause legal problems. However, Local node policy generally doesn't permit arbitrary data (transactions attempting to embed data re non-standard), but steganographic embedding can still be used though this generally limits storage to small amounts.

    Bitcoin was officially released by an unknown person who used a Japanese pseduonym, 5 days before Obama was elected. This person does not exist.

    Secondly, bitcoin mining is designed to solve hashes in the SHA-256 algorithm. SHA-256 is a 256-bit version of an algorithm that is used to encrypt messages sent over the internet.


    The NSA invented SHA-256.

    SHA-2 (Secure Hash Algorithm 2) is a set of cryptographic hash functions designed by the United States National Security Agency (NSA). Cryptographic hash functions are mathematical operations run on digital data; by comparing the computed "hash" (the output from execution of the algorithm) to a known and expected hash value, a person can determine the data's integrity.

    For example, computing the hash of a downloaded file and comparing the result to a previously published hash result can show whether the download has been modified or tampered with. A key aspect of cryptographic hash functions is their collision resistance: nobody should be able to find two different input values that result in the same hash output.

    As people's computers mine bitcoins, they are discovering solutions to SHA-256 hashes, which then get stored in to the blockchain, which is a digital record and repository of all activity within bitcoin to date.

    Each block is like one SHA-256 puzzle, that the computers try to solve. The only way to solve it is to guess the right answer randomly out of billions or trillions of choices. There is no algorithm or method to find the right solution other than guessing and then doing the computation to see if you were correct or not, due to how the algorithm is constructed (which is exactly what makes it good for security). So when computers mine for bitcoins, they are guessing solutions to that particular block's SHA-256 puzzle. When a solution is found, 12.5 bitcoins are rewarded to the miner who found the solution.

    So it's a lottery of sorts. This is why people pool together to form mining pools, where the winnings are shared proportionally among everyone, weighted by their total number of attempted solutions. That helps take the luck out of it so everyone can get more reliable income.

    Anyway, these solutions are so hard to find that even with all the computers across the world mining for bitcoins, it still takes 10 minutes to solve just one single puzzle.

    This is why it's CONSIDERED secure.

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      If you want to hack a system that uses SHA-256 (which is a very encryption common system to use, alongside SHA-128 which is even weaker) then hacking it CONSIDERED difficult because you have to guess over and over to solve this large prime number problem.

      However, if you have a list of all the prime numbers and their solutions (including many really huge numbers that haven't been computed except for this list) then that is a speedup to cracking a particular system using SHA-256, because you don't have to run all those calculations, you can simply look them up. In the blockchain.

      So there is a potential the blockchain is an open distributed-computing SHA-256 solution repository, which enables hackers who know how to use it (like the NSA).

      IN INDIA WE DO NOT RELY OF IMPORTED CHIPS ANYMORE BECAUSE THEY HAVE BACKDOORS IMPLANTED --MISSILES WILL NOT REACH THEIR TARGETS IN WAR.

      NSA can spy on us - and hack or bypass SSL, SSH, PGP, etc-- we can expect NSA to PLANT weaknesses into systems.

      The National Security Agency (NSA) is a national-level intelligence agency of the United States Department of Defense, under the authority of the Director of National Intelligence. The NSA is responsible for global monitoring, collection, and processing of information and data for foreign intelligence and counterintelligence purposes, specializing in a discipline known as signals intelligence (SIGINT). The NSA is also tasked with the protection of U.S. communications networks and information systems.

      The NSA relies on a variety of measures to accomplish its mission, the majority of which are CLANDESTINE.

      BILDERBERG CLUB LOVES BITCOIN DRIVEN BLOCKCHAIN!

      THEY LOVE MODI AND JAITLEY TOO.

      HUMARA KOSHER BANANA KITHE ?

      SCRATCH SCRATCH !

      SO SO SO

      THE PRESIDENT CAN BE IMPEACHED IF 51% OF THE MEDIA SAYS HE DESERVED TO BE IMPEACHED 

      WE THE STUPID PEOPLE THINK THAT THERE MUST BE ONE LAKH INDEPENDENT AND FREE MEDIA OUTFITS

      WHAT IS THE NAKED TRUTH ?

      JEW ROTHSCHILD OWNS 90% OF THE WORLD MEDIA

      51%
       IS BAAYE HAATH KA KHEL FOR HIM!


      BRAAAAYYYYYYYYYYYY !

      LET US ALL DANCE TO THE SONG BELOW--

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wnZXyJujNU4

      Capt ajit vadakayil
      ..










  • So there is a potential the blockchain is an open distributed-computing SHA-256 solution repository, which enables hackers who know how to use it (like the NSA).

    This, in block chain, is the last thing a rutta maar mind would think, first doubt that comes to the intuitive.

  • hi tc,

    CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL DECLARES-- NSA IS SATOSHI NAKAMOTO

    Satoshi Nakamoto means “Central Intelligence” in Japanese --Satoshi is "quick witted " --Nakamoro is "Central " --people with this surname are found mostly in the Ryukyu islands

    Bitcoin IS the ‘one world currency’ of KOSHER BIG BROTHER .

    BIG BROTHER CAN MONITOR AND MANIPULATE EVERYTHING ON THIS PLANET.. HE HAS EVERYTHING ENGRAVED ON STONE EXCEPT WHEN HE WANTS STONE TO BECOME SOFT LIKE BUTTER--AT HIS CONVENIENCE

    In the bitcoin website they say in BIG letters - “Bitcoin is not anonymous”

    THE WHITE MAN WILL NEVER ALLOW THE BROWN MAN TO LORD OVER HIM.. INDIA WILL BE THIS PLANETs NO 1 SUPERPOER IN 16 YEARS.

    WE KNOW THE DESH DROHI BASTARDS WHO WANT LAND / DEFENCE/ FINANCE TO BE INTEGRATED INTO BLOCKCHAIN

    WE KNOW THE WHITE JEWS WHO WERE PUSHING CORRUPT / NAIVE INDIAN POLITICIANS TO EARLY ADOPTION OF BLOCKCHAIN FOR FINANCE AFTER MERGING ALL SMALL EFFICIENT INDIAN BANKS INTO A INEFFICIENT BEHEMOTH TO BE BLOCKCHAINED

    ALMOST ALL OUR PAST RBI GOVERNORS WERE HANDPICKED BY JEW ROTHSCHILD AND BILDERBERG INNER CLUB

    http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.in/2011/09/shrewd-club-within-naive-bilderberg.html


    THE WHITE MAN CAN DO HONI OUT OF ANHONI AND ANHONI OUT OF HONI -IF WE DO THIS

    Bitcoin was officially released by an unknown person who used a Japanese pseduonym, Satoshi Nakamoto, 5 days before Obama was elected.

    This person does not exist. The person alluded to, said several times that he did not found Bitcoin.

    Meanwhile several white con-men have claimed to be Satoshi Nakamoto.

    Craig Steven Wright an Australian computer scientist and businessman claimed be the real person behind the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto, which is bullshit.

    Bitcoin mining is designed to solve hashes in the SHA-256 algorithm. SHA-256 is a 256-bit version of an algorithm that is used to encrypt messages sent over the internet. The NSA invented SHA-256.

    SHA-2 (Secure Hash Algorithm 2) is a set of cryptographic hash functions designed by the United States National Security Agency (NSA).

    Cryptographic hash functions are mathematical operations run on digital data; by comparing the computed "hash" (the output from execution of the algorithm) to a known and expected hash value, a person can determine the data's integrity. ( but with the BACKSIDE OPEN to make ANHONI OUT OF HONI and viceversa )

    As people's computers mine bitcoins, they are discovering solutions to SHA-256 hashes, which then get stored in to the blockchain, which is a digital record and repository of all activity within bitcoin to date.

    Each block is like one SHA-256 puzzle, that the computers try to solve.

    When computers mine for bitcoins, they are guessing solutions to that particular block's SHA-256 puzzle. When a solution is found, 12.50 bitcoins are rewarded to the miner who found the solution. So it's a lottery of sorts

    BUT LOTTERIES ARE RIGGED BY INSIDERS WHO KNOW HOW THIS WORKS --this is why everything is kept deliberately complicated.

    Miners pool together to form mining pools, where the winnings are shared proportionally among everyone, weighted by their total number of attempted solutions. That helps take the luck out of it so everyone can get more reliable income.

    If you have a list of all the prime numbers and their solutions then that is a speedup to cracking a particular system using SHA-256, because you don't have to run all those calculations, you can simply look them up. In the blockchain.

    The blockchain is an open distributed-computing SHA-256 solution repository, which enables hackers who know how to use it (like the NSA).

    NSA has a backdoor to the SHA-256 algorithm

    NSA HAS A BAD TRACK RECORD

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    All Bitcoin transactions are stored publicly and permanently on the network, which means anyone can see the balance and transactions of any Bitcoin address. However, the identity of the user behind an address remains unknown until information is revealed during a purchase or in other circumstances. This is one reason why Bitcoin addresses should only be used once.

    The Fiat money system is doomed, all what you can read online is true (just sensationalized) – it’s a debt based system based on nothing. That system was created, originally in the early 1900’s and refined during Breton Woods

    JEW Adam Smith is the hero of Amartya Sen's Rothschild JEWESS wife.

    Adam Smith was the "one man think tank" to the owner of British East India Company Rothschild who ruled India . Adam Smith advises Rothschild on how to set up his banking cartel and set up a blue print on how to control the world.

    PM Chandrasekhar was reduced to selling our Gold in 1991, and World Bank and IMF would NOT give a loan unless Manmohan Paaji was made Finance Minister. And later Italian Queen Bee Sonia would NOT have anyone else except "unelected" Manmohan Paaji as PM-- going against the Indian Constitution for a democracy.

    Rothschild had done the same with SIR Chintaman Dwarakanath Deshmukh ( won Magsaysay award twice ) who was knighted in 1944 just because he had a Jew British wife.

    Rothschild would NOT give India a loan to procure wheat from USA unless our JEW SIR Chintamani baby was made Finance Minister of India.

    Rothschild used Edwina to arm twist Nehru and install him as the Finance Minister in the Union Cabinet (1950–1956).

    SIR Chintaman Dwarakanath Deshmukh attended the Breton Woods Conference to create IMF on invitation of Rothschild in July 1944 . ) Rothschild liked this Chitpavan JEW and he was a member of the Board of Governors of both of IMF for the next ten years


    Rothschilds controls the US Federal reserve, all the Central banks of all the countries of the world --except Libya, Syria, Iran, North Korea and Cuba. Libya has been taken out. The next in the pecking order is Syria ( failed thanks to IRON MAN Putin ) --then Iran.

    Opium traders Rothschild took over India officially vide the Battle of Plassey in 1757 , and stopped all pretense of being traders, by amazing deceit which sprung from the warped brains of GAY ANAL SEX RECEIVING JEW Adam Smith..

    Adam Smith was MAD --he has extreme OCD - his house used to look like a garbage dump as he hoarded everything.

    When such people with OCD write the gospel of economics, " The Wealth Of Nations" you know what you will get.

    Much later Milton Friedman effectively took many of the basic principles set forth by Adam Smith and the classical economists and modernized them.

    http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.in/2016/06/gpi-dog-shall-wag-gdp-tail-not-vice.html


    INDIA HAS TO SACK 90% OF OUR PREMIUM BUSINESS SCHOOL ECONOMICS PROFESSORS

    RIGHT NOW DONALD TRUMP IS CROWING ABOUT RISE OF GDP AND GROWTH-- THIS INCLUDES EXPENSES FOR PUTTING OUT FOREST FIRES, RECOVERING AFTER TWO MAJOR HURRICANES, MONEY SPENT IN PURSUING CRIMINALS AND CONTAINING THEM IN JAILS, BUILDING THE MEXICO WALL ETC

    This is the reason why economists fall into the same hole again and again and again.

    http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.in/2011/02/are-you-mentally-sick-capt-ajit.html

    The Battle of Plassey itself is a huge lie. It never took place. History was fudged. It is so easy when you control the peer reviewed media and publishing houses.

    http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.in/2011/07/back-swing-of-john-galt-capt-ajit.html

    Bitcoin is not the ‘one world currency’ per se, but laying the framework for larger cryptocurrency projects. In the case of central banks, who control the global monetary system, that would manifest in ‘Settlement Coin’

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    NSA/CIA works for KOSHER BIG BROTHER .. it was kept under wraps till Trump told he will DRAIN THE SWAMP and take on ROTHSCHILDs SHADOW GOVT RUNNING USA AND CONTROLLING EVERYTHING --like Mannargudi Mafia in Tamil Nadu

    BITCOIN IS THE BRAINCHILD OF BILDERBERG INNER KOSHER CLUB

    EURO WAS CREATED BY THE SAME KOSHER CLUB

    The FX markets currently represent the exchange between ‘major’ and ‘minor’ currencies. In the future, why not too they will include ‘cryptocurrencies’ – we’re already seeing the BTC/EUR pair popup on obscure brokers.

    When BTC/USD and BTC/EUR are available at major FX banks and brokers, we can say – from a global FX ( forex ) perspective, that Bitcoin has ‘arrived.’

    Unlike the Euro, Bitcoin is being adopted at a near exponential rate by demand

    WE KNOW WHY ROTHSCHILDs APCO BRANDED MODI IS QUIET ABOUT BITCOIN --E SPOKE ABOUT IT A COUPE OF TIMES --PRAISING IT--IT IS ON YOUTUBE

    So why Elite E Services is not actively involved in Bitcoin the answer is that previously, you can’t trade Bitcoin. They have been trying hard to declare it as a COMMODITY --like Pakistanis

    When we can trade BTC/USD just like EUR/USD you can bet your cotton pickin' ass , that EES ( Engineering Equation Solvers ) and a host of other algorithmic FX traders will be all over it!

    The NSA ( controlled by KOSHER FED ) has the capability, the motive, and the operational capacity – they have teams of cryptographers, the biggest fastest supercomputers in the world

    NSA employs the best mathematicians and cryptographers in the world-on a NEED TO KNOW basis -making whistle blowing by NON-KOSHER and non-white difficult.

    NSA was one of the first organizations to describe a Bitcoin-like system--12 years before Satoshii Nakamoto did.

    The NSA white paper alternatively refers to the currency outlined as “coins” and “tokens.”-- a precursor to beloved Bitcoin, which utilized SHA-256

    ONLY NSA HAS THE MOTIVATION TO DELARE THAT BLOCKCHAIN DATA IS ENGRAVES ON ROCK WHEN IT IS ONLY ENGRAVED ON BETTER TO BE MELTED AND ENGRAVED WITH FAKE DATA

    WE ASK MODI , JAITEY, RBI GOVERNOR-- ARE YOU REALLY BABES IN THE WOODS AS YOU PRETEND ? DO YOU NEED A BLOGGER TO SPELL THIS OUT ?

    IS OUR BANAMI MEDIA A POOL OF TRAITORS --OR ARE THEY REALLY NAIVE TO DEAL ONLY IN POTHOLES, NON-EXISTENT MOLESTATIONS ( LIKE GOD DIGGIN' ZAIRA WAHID / VARNIKA KUNDU ), CRICKET , BOLLYWOOD ETC ?

    BOTTOM LINE: NSA IS TIED TO SHA -256 HASH FUNCTION -- ARE WE TO ASSUME THAT NSA IS "ALICE IN WONDERLAND"-AND THEY DONT KNOW HOW TO CREATE A BACKDOOR TO DO EXTREME HERA PHERI AND FORGE TRANSACTION AND ITS TIME ?

    SREESHANT WAS FIXED BY "TIME" HIJACKING --TO PROTECT BIG FISH IPL OWNERS

    http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.in/2013/06/travesty-of-justice-sreesanth-and.html

    ALL INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION COURTS ARE KANGAROO COURTS CONTROLLED BY KOSHER BIG BROTHER


    HULLO MODI / RBI GOVERNOR/ JAITEY LISTEN UP -- Certainly, anonymity is one of the biggest myths about Bitcoin. In fact, there has never been a more easily traceable method of payment. Every single transaction is recorded and retained permanently in the public “blockchain”.

    The idea that the NSA would create an anarchic, peer-to-peer crypto-currency in the hope that it would be adopted for nefarious industries and become easy to track would have been a lot more difficult to believe before the recent leaks by Edward Snowden and the revelation that billions of phone calls had been intercepted by the US security services.

    We are now in a world where we now know that the NSA was tracking the pornography habits of Islamic “radicalisers” in order to discredit them and making deals with some of the world’s largest internet firms to insert backdoors into their systems.

    ASK PUTIN --THE KGB MAN--HE KNOWS WHAT NSA IS UPTO WITH BITCOIN AND BLOCKCHAIN


    CONTINUED TO 5--

  • CONTINUED FROM 3--

    MP Andrei Svintsov, demanded that bitcoin and digital currencies should be banned as part of a broader effort to stop capital flight. President XI knows flight of capital from China--and he is controlling it.

    ONY MODI IS LOST LIKE "LITTLE BO PEEP "--HIS MANN KE BAATH IS ALL ABOUT PRAYING TO GANDHI AND BR AMBEDKAR --NOTHING USEFUL EVER COMES OUT OF THIS RIDICULOUS TALK--OR MODIs TWITTER TALK--IT IS ALL ON RECORD

    Svintsov told Russian broadcast news agency REGNUM:-"All these cryptocurrencies [were] created by US intelligence agencies just to finance terrorism and revolutions.”

    WHY IS THE VALUE OF BITCOIN DIFFERENT IN ZIMBABWE? TODAY BITCOIN VALUE IN ZIMBABWE IS 27900 USD WHILE THE REST OF THE PLANET IS 15800 USD.

    I HAD PREDICTED TO MY WIFE THAT ZIMBABWE WILL HAVE A COUP SOON, KNOWING HOW BITCOIN VALE WAS SPIKING THERE

    Because of pesky ‘domestic’ laws, the NSA doesn’t control the internet in foreign countries. But by providing a ‘cool’ currency as a tool, they can collect information from around the globe and like Facebook, users provide this information voluntarily.

    It’s the same strategy they use like putting the listening device in the chips at the manufacturing level, which saves them the trouble of wiretapping, electronic eavesdropping, and other risky methods that can fail or be blocked.

    It’s impossible to stop a cellphone from listening to you, for example (well not 100%, but you have to physically rewire the device). Bitcoin is the same strategy on a financial level – by using Bitcoin you’re giving up your private transactional information.

    By itself, it would not identify you per se (as the blockchain is ‘anonymous’ but the transactions are there in the public register, so combined with other information, which the NSA has a LOT OF – they can triangulate their information more precisely.

    Bitcoin allowed NSA to collect a host of criminals on a network called “Silk Road” and who knows what other operations that happened behind the scenes.

    Silk Road was an online black market and the first modern darknet market, best known as a platform for selling illegal drugs. As part of the dark web, it was operated as a Tor hidden service, such that online users were able to browse it anonymously and securely without potential traffic monitoring. The website was launched in February 2011

    WHEN YOU DONT WANT MOHAMMAD TO GO TO THE MOUNTAIN --HAVE THE MOUNTAIN COME TO MOHAMMAD

    I HAVE USED THIS METHOD --AT SEA-LIKE IN THE MOVIE BELOW--SET MYSELF AS THE BAIT

    http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.in/2014/10/the-quick-and-dead-hollywood-movie.html

    capt ajit vadakayil
    ..




  • http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.in/2017/12/blockchain-bitcoin-big-brother-will.html

    WHEN ARE WE JUMPING OFF THE DEEP END INTO BLOCKCHAIN ULU ( OR IS IT UDU ?)

    ANYBODY HEARD OF SHA-256 AND NSA ?

    KAUN SA KHET KA BEET ROOT HAI YEH ?

    WHAT ARE INDIAs THINK TANKS WORTH?

    I HAVE STOPPED BLOGGING--YET I HAVE TO RESUME BLOGGING TO SAVE THE WATAN?

    ARE OUR THINK TANKS MANNED BY DESH DROHIS -- OR ARE THEY GULLIBLE AND NAIVE ?

    ##################

    SEND THIS COMMENT TO --
    AJIT DOVAL
    DEFENCE MINISTER
    ALL 3 ARMED FORCE CHIEFS
    TELUGULAND CMs ( BOTH OF THEM )
    ARUN JAITLEY
    RBI GOVERNOR
    SBI CHAIRMAN
    CJI
    LAW MINISTER
    PMO
    PM MODI
    SWAMY
    GURUMURTHY
    SMRITI IRANI ( LET HER THINK IT IS A NEW SONG TO DANCE TO -LEST SHE SAY, IT IS NOT MY JOB AS USUAL )
    SUSHMA SWARAJ
    EDUCATION MINISTER
    SUSHMA SWARAJ
    I&B MINISTRY
    HOME MINISTER
    YOGI ADITYANATH
    FAYE SORPOTEL BABY --THERE IS MORE TO JOURNALISM THAN POTHOLES AND VVIP RACISM

    I ASK --WHAT IS OUR BENAMI MEDIA WORTH?

    I ASK MY READERS TO SEND THIS TO DESH BHAKTS WHO HAVE BRAINS

    capt ajit vadakayil
    ..








    CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL
    ..

    Friday, December 8, 2017

    SOx AND NOx EMISSIONS FROM SHIPS EXHAUSTS , barking up the wrong tree - Capt Ajit Vadakayil





    Hi Captain,

    Now ships are more polluting more other vehicles.

    Just 15 of the biggest ships emit more oxides of nitrogen and sulphur than all of the world's cars put together

    https://www.economist.com/news/finance-and-economics/21718519-new-ways-foot-hefty-bill-making-old-ships-less-polluting-green-finance?fsrc=scn/tw/te/bl/ed/

    Regards,
    Balamurali S




    1. THE REPLY WILL BE TOO LONG FOR A COMMENT BOX

      I WILL PUT A FULL POST

      NO!-- I HAVE NOT RESUMED BLOGGING !!

      capt ajit vadakayil
      ..


    AMERICANS RAPE THE PLANET AND THEN EXPECT THIRD WORLD NATIONS TO PAY UP—BY MAKING THEM FEEL GUILTY.  THISE DAYS ARE GONE.. NOW PEOPLE ARE AWARE.

    THERE WAS NO OZONE LAYER HOLE TILL AMERICANS CONDUCTED THE DEEP SPACE NUCLEAR EXPLOSION NAMED STARFISH  PRIME WHICH CREATED AN ARTIFICIAL INNER VAN ALLEN RADIATION BELT. ..  




    THIS WAS AN EXPERIMENT TO PREVENT RUSSIAN NUCLEAR ICBMs FROM REACHING USA..




    ARCTIC ICE MELT IS DUE TO EXTRA WARM GULF STREAM CURRENT ON SE COAST OF USA… 



    THIS OCEAN CURRENT IS METHANE LADEN DUE TO FRACKING LEAKS OF METHANE AND THE DEEPWATER HORIZON ( BRITISH PETROLEUM OIL RIG ) DISASTER WHICH SPILT 710,000  TONNES OF CRUDE OIL INTO THE GULF OF MEXICO.



    http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.in/2016/12/arctic-ice-melt-and-methane-time-bomb.html



    HOW DID DEEPWATER HORIZON CATCH FIRE?

    THE CUNTS KNEW THAT METHANE GAS WAS ALL OVER THE RIG

    THEY DID NOT KILL ELECTRICAL SPARKS ALL OVER THE RIG

    IN 1983 I HAG A WORSE METHANE GAS LEAK FROM SAUDI RASTANURA CRUDE OIL POURING AND SPAYING INTO ENGINE ROOM FOUR CARGO PUMP SHAFT SEAL LEAKS ( CRUDE OIL FROM PUMPROOM FLOODED TO A HEIGHT 14 METRES --TO ENGINE ROOM )

    THE FIRST THING I DID WAS TO COMMAND " KILL ALL MAIN BUS BAR CONTACTOR SWITCH CIRCUITS WHICH WILL SPARK--- LEAVE ON ONLY LOW VOLT LIGHTING FROM EMERGENCY CIRCUIT "
    THAT INSTANT DECISION IN 15 SECONDS SAVED MY SHIP ..
    IF I WAS THE CAPTAIN OF DEEPWATER RIG-- THE RIG WOULD NOT HAVE CAUGHT FIRE 

    BALLS TO HILLY BILLY YANKS WITH THEIR STUPID COWBOY SWAGGER

    capt ajit vadakayil
    ..




    MAXIMUM NITROUS OXIDE RELEASE IS FROM DUNG OF HUMPLESS JERSEY COW WHICH IS BRED FOR PRODUCING BEEF AND HAS A NITROGEN LADEN GRAIN / OIL CAKE MEAL  DIET .   THE WESTERN BEEF LOBBY MUST BE HEAVILY FINED

    The bacteria (HUMPLESS cow dung )which break down the manure release gases including methane, carbon dioxide, ammonia, enormous nitrous oxide and hydrogen sulphide.   These HUMPLESS cows keep farting and belching methane.

    THE GRASS EATING HUMPED VEDIC COW DUNG RELEASES ONY 5 % OF THE NITROUS OXIDE RELEASED BY GLUTTON HUMPLESS COWS WITH POOR DIGESTION PROCESS .
    ############

    The most potent greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N20) is only a minute fraction (about 0.1%) of all the nitrogen products produced by combustion in the ship’s diesel engine. 

    Read this sentence a BILLION times. I am a world expert in this unlike the STUPID white man..


    If the GLOBAL WARMING POTENTIAL ( GWP ) is 1 for GOOD gas Carbon Dioxide, it is 302 for BAD gas Nitrous oxide and 104 for BAD gas Methane over a 20 year period.

    ###############

    Paris COP21 is totally focused on harmless Carbon Dioxide ( to target India and third world )  , while it is totally silent on MORE POTENT  greenhouse gases NITROUS OXIDE and METHANE –  to save the white man’s BEEF , FRACKING and GM CROP FERTILISER LOBBY.

    THE GREEN REVOLUTION IN INDIA DEMANDS NITROGEN LADEN ARTIFICIAL FERTLISERS ..  PREVIOUSLY WE USED ORGANIC METHODS FOR AGRICULTURE.   TODAY WE DON’T SEE EARTHWORMS IN OUR TOP SOIL.

    INDIA IS NOT HOLLAND OR THE WEST WITH USELESS FEW INCHES OF TOP SOIL.. OUR VEDIC TOPSOIL WAS HUMUS LADEN AND SIX FEET DEEP ..

    Nothing has contributed to shipping’s ‘dirty’ image than the exhaust gases that come from engines burning heavy fuel oil. Burning residual fuels has allowed shipping to keep costs and therefore the price of commodities and goods at a lower level than would otherwise have been possible.

    The two main pollutants from the ship’s emission are Nitrogen oxides (NOx) and Sulphur oxides (SOx). These gases have adverse effects on the ozone layer in the troposphere area of the earth’s atmosphere which results in the green house effect and global warming.

    Both NOx and SOx are combustion products that are emitted in to the environment in the form of smoke. MARPOL Annex VI is strictly followed to have the air pollution under control limits.

    CO2 is regulated indirectly under the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) rules and is not controlled in the way that NOx and SOx are.

    A large part of Annex VI is the NOx Technical Code 2008. The NOx Code is aimed at improving the environment by reducing the effect of greenhouse gases and so-called acid rain.

    Nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are both implicated but as regards the greenhouse effect this is because they promote the formation of ozone in the troposphere

    MARPOL Annex VI, as first adopted in 1997, and entered into force 19 May 2005, limits the main air pollutants contained in ships exhaust gas, including sulphur oxides (SOx) and nitrous oxides (NOx), and prohibits deliberate emissions of ozone depleting substances. MARPOL Annex VI also regulates shipboard incineration, and the emissions of volatile organic compounds from tankers.

    The revised Annex VI entered into force on 1 July 2010, sets limits on sulphur oxide and nitrogen oxide emissions from ship exhausts as well as particulate matter and prohibits deliberate emissions of ozone depleting substances, such as hydro-chlorofluorocarbons. Stricter standards are set for Emission Control Areas designated by IMO (Baltic Sea, North Sea and North America).

    Under the revised MARPOL Annex VI, the global sulphur cap is reduced initially to 3.50% (from the current 4.50%), effective from 1 January 2012; then progressively to 0.50 %, effective from 1 January 2020, subject to a feasibility review to be completed no later than 2018.

    Progressive reductions in NOx emissions from marine diesel engines installed on ships are also included, with a “Tier II” emission limit for engines installed on or after 1 January 2011; then with a more stringent "Tier III" emission limit for engines installed on or after 1 January 2016 operating in ECAs.   

    Marine diesel engines installed on or after 1 January 1990 but prior to 1 January 2000 are required to comply with “Tier I” emission limits, if an approved method for that engine has been certified by an Administration.

    The NOx Code sets out three tiers of control that gradually became more stringent. The production of NOx is easier to control in some engine types than others and as a consequence the allowed limits for each stage of the IMO’s three stage roll out programme differ depending on engine speed with the low speed engines given the highest permissible output as shown below.

    Tier I (all ships effective 19 May 2005)
    Engine speed
    < 130rpm 17.0g/kWh > 130–2,000rpm 45 × rpm(-0.2)g/kWh
    > 2,000rpm 9.8g/kWh

    Tier II (ships built from 1 January 2011)
    Engine speed
    < 130rpm 14.4g/kWh > 130–2,000rpm 44 × rpm(-0.23)g/kWh
    > 2,000rpm 7.7g/kWh

    Tier III (new ships built from 1 January 2016 operating in existing ECAs)
    (new ships built from 1 January 2021 operating in North Sea and Baltic Sea ECAs
    Engine speed
    < 130rpm 3.4g/kWh > 130–2,000rpm 9 × rpm(-0.2)g/kWh
    > 2,000rpm 2.0g/kWh

    The revised NOx Technical Code 2008 includes a new chapter based on the agreed approach for regulation of existing (pre-2000) engines established in MARPOL Annex VI, provisions for a direct measurement and monitoring method, a certification procedure for existing engines, and test cycles to be applied to Tier II and Tier III engines.

    Revisions to the regulations for ozone-depleting substances, volatile organic compounds, shipboard incineration, reception facilities, and fuel oil quality have been made with regulations on fuel oil availability added.

    Marine fuel in an I.C engine is burnt inside the combustion chamber by the correct mixture of fuel and air in the presence of heat or ignition source.

    The ignition source in the marine engine is the compression stroke of the piston, after which, the combustion begins.

    As the air mixture is 21 % Oxygen and 78% Nitrogen, nitrogen reacts with oxygen under certain engine operating conditions to form Nitrogen oxides or NOx.

    What Causes NOx in Marine Engines?:-----

    High Cylinder Temperature and Pressure during combustion process..
    Heavy Load on the engine or engine unit.
    Improper air and fuel ratio for combustion.
    High Temperature of intake or scavenge air inside the cylinder.
    Over heated cylinder jacket due to poor heat transfer by jacket cooler.
    Jacket water temperature is on the higher side.
    Bad quality of fuel used for engine.

    Limits for NOx Emission For merchant vessel

    -17.0 g/kwh when engine rpm (n) is less then 130 rpm.
    -4.50 x n (-0.2) g/kwh when ‘n’ is between 130 rpm or above 130 rpm but less then 2000rpm.
    -9.8 g/kwh when ‘n’ is 2000 rpm and above.

    Where;
    n- Rated engine speed
    g/kwh-  gram per kilo watt hour
    rpm   –  revolution per minute


    Timeline: MARPOL Annex VI (NOx related)

    26 Sept 1997 – Annex VI formally adopted
    1 Jan 2000 – Engine-makers begin building and certifying NOx Tier I engines
    19 May 2005 – Annex VI enters into force NOx Tier I
    Oct 2008 – MEPC approves revised Annex VI and NOx Technical Code 2008
    17 Jul 2009 – MEPC approves proposed US/Canada ECA (SOx, NOx and PM)
    1 Jan 2011 – NOx Tier II
    1 July 2011 – MEPC approves proposed US Caribbean ECA (SOx, NOx and PM)
    1 Aug 2012 – Implementation of US/Canada ECA
    1 Jan 2014 – Implementation of US Caribbean ECA
    1 Jan 2016 – NOx Tier III (only applicable in existing ECAs)
    7 Jul 2017 – MEPC approves proposed North Sea and Baltic Sea NOx ECA
    1 Jan 2021 – NOx Tier III applicable to new ships operating in the new (NOx) North Sea and Baltic Sea ECAs.



    In all internal combustion engines, boilers and incinerators, it is necessary to mix air with the fuel to allow combustion to take place. Air is mostly composed of nitrogen (about 78%) and oxygen (about 21%) with a few trace gases and water vapour.

    The fuels themselves are a complex mix of hydrocarbons with other components depending on their type. Even within the defined ISO 8217 fuel grades there are no fixed absolutes but minimum and maximum levels for constituents of the fuel.

    Different fuel types burn best at different temperatures and this along with their chemical composition and the spray pattern into the combustion chamber is instrumental in determining the exhaust gases produced. The majority of engines are at their most efficient when cylinder pressures and temperature in the combustion chamber are high and when operating at an optimum loading.

    When measured in the exhaust duct of a marine diesel engine, NOx emissions comprise about 95% nitric oxide (NO) and 5% nitrogen dioxide (NO2), which is formed as NO oxidises after the engine. The formation rate of the majority of nitric oxide is dependent on peak temperatures in the engine cylinders – above 1,200°C the formation is significant and above 1,500°C it becomes rapid.

    A highly efficient engine will obviously reduce the amount of CO2 produced in relation to the power produced. However, such conditions are more likely to produce NOx when burning oil fuels. Reducing the temperature or pressure will reduce the amount of NOx produced but will inevitably result in a less efficient engine.

    Ensuring engines meet the NOx limits is in the first instance down to the engine maker. The engine should come with a technical file and a certificate confirming the engine complies with the relevant limits. Thereafter, the owner has a choice of three methods of ensuring the engine continues to perform as required.

    ALL THESE DEADLY RULES ARE CREATED SO THAT THE WHITE JEW CAN GAIN MONOPOLY OVER ENGINES AND SUPER EXPENSIVE KOSHER ENGINE SPARE PARTS

    As vessels age it is not practically viable to always use OEM NOx critical spare parts. Under MARPOL Annex VI, unless your vessel has an approved on-board NOx verification system installed, you must purchase only original engine maker spares.

    Tier III regulations in particular require the fitting of NOx abatement systems such as SCRs and proof of their operation whilst in ECAs OEM NOx critical spare parts. Under MARPOL Annex VI, unless your vessel has an approved on-board NOx verificationsystem installed, you must purchase only original engine maker spares ( Original Equipment Manufacturer)monopolized by white JEWS.

    Low sulphur fuel is of course more costly than normal bunker, therefore choosing the optimum time to change over bunkers when moving into a SECA is very important. The simplest way to prove compliance upon entering the SECA is by monitoring the SOx emissions from the exhaust to verify the sulphur content of the fuel.

    Sulphur Emission Control Areas (SECA) in 2005 and 2012 aimed to reduce the rate of sulphur emissions from shipping. Sustainable growth—an EU 2020 priority—is strategically linked to the SECA regulation in that it promotes resource efficiency, greener environment and a competitive economy.

    Thus, the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) and, as adopted by the European Parliament (EP), SECA regulation stipulated that from 2015 all ships in SECA are under the obligation to use low sulphur marine fuel that must not exceed 0.1% (IMO, 2011). This regulation has incited rigorous arguments on the economic disadvantage it would subject affected maritime stakeholders who are made to comply with stringent regulation their counterparts in non-SECA are not subjected to

    The easiest option to reduce sulphur emission is to change the use of the usual marine heavy fuel oil (HFO) to cleaner and lighter distillates that emit little waste after combustion such as the Marine Gas Oil (MGO) and Marine Diesel Oil MDO..

    Another popular option is the use of the scrubber, an abatement technology that removes sulphur deposit from the ship exhaust and permits the use of the cheaper HFO.. There are two types of scrubber—the dry and the wet scrubbers. The wet scrubber is categorised into three types: the open loop, the closed loop and the hybrid system scrubbers.

    The open loop scrubber merrily discharges the DIRTY exhaust wash water is discharged directly into the seawater. You save the air and FUCK the water—that is how smart the CUNTS in IMO are .

    Hey, but KOSHER help is at hand  ( so what else in new ! )–  we now have hybrid scrubbers so that, ship owners can use the closed loop scrubber when on the shallow waters of the BSR and change to the open loop during deep sailing.



    One of the drawbacks common with the use of the scrubbers, mostly the wet scrubbers is how or where the acidic wash water is discharged. Another is that the discharged sludge must be kept in storage on board until the ships berths giving the ship extra weight while cruising..

    The cost of the retrofit is around 4 million USD, subject to the age and the size of the ship. A scrubber has a lifespan of 10 years.. Running a scrubber on board ships requires additional additional electricity. This means 100 USD  per MWh will mean a 130,000 USD per year additional running costs, notwithstanding the maintenance and extra running fuel costs.

    Because of the uncertainties that surround the fuel price and SECA regulations, most ship owners at the moment are favourably disposed towards the use of fuel distillates such as MGO and MDO.  A new fuel type called the ultra-low sulphur fuel oil (ULSFO), a hybrid fuel of different refinery streams with a higher viscosity and lower volatility to the MGO has been developed and is gaining popularity as a cheaper source of marine fuel since 2014 Using ULSFO on ship engines originally designed for HFO is dangerous .







    Though policing of MARPOL Annex VI may have been low key in the past, implementation is getting ever tighter. In addition, the proper upkeep of the ‘Engine Technical File’ in-line with MARPOL Annex VI is at best time-consuming and often considered unmanageable and an ACTIVITY TRAP

    HEY, MUST REMEMBER , I MUST FROM NOW ON , MEASURE MY FART CONTENT .  BALLS TO THE HUMPLESS COW, IF THEY DON’T WANT TO DO IT





    ONE ARROGANT JAPANESE SHIPOWNERs ,  JAP ENGINEER SUPERINTENDENT USED TO BOLLOCK AN INDIAN RUN TECH MANAGEMENT COMPANY IN HONG KONG. 

    ROZ  KA CHOOTIYA NAATAK..

    ROZ  KA MORALE SHREDDING  BAMBOOOO.

    THE INDIAN OWNER OF THE MANAGEMENT COMPANY  SEND ME ON BOARD – A FAST CONTAINER SHIP

    ON THE SECOND DAY I TOLD THE JAP OWNER TO FUCK OFF ,  AND SHUT THE FUCK UP.

    THEY DID !



    THIS IS WHY I SAY— SEA IS A PLACE FOR CUNTS WHO CANT THINK FOR NUTS !




  • Sir,We also want to hear your voice..
  • http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.in/2011/08/meditation-via-back-door-capt-ajit.html

    IN THE LINK ABOVE YOU CAN HEAR ME SINGING AT SHIPBOARD PARTIES
    1) ROAD TO HELL- CHRIS RHEA
    2) BEAUTIFUL NOISE -- NEIL DIAMOND
    3) KOI HUM DUM -- KISHORE KUMAR


    MY CREW TWISTED MY ARM AT PARTIES AND FORCED ME TO SING

    ONCE AT A SHORE SEMINAR IN GOA --AT A 5 STAR HOTEL-- I SAND " BED OF ROSES"

    I WAS A BIT TIPSY

    THERE WERE MORE THAN 200 PEOPLE IN THE HALL --MEN , WOMEN ( MANY WIVES ) AND FOREIGNERS

    THE HALL HAS TERRIFIC ACOUSTICS AND HUGE SPEAKERS --GOOD ENOUGH FOR A HEAVY ROCK CONCERT

    HALF WAY THEY INVADED THE STAGE AND LIFTED ME UP ON THEIR SHOULDERS-

    I HAS TO CRY OUT--WAIT , THERE IS MORE OF THE SONG COMING

    AFTER THE SONG THEY AGAIN INVADED THE STAGE ..

    THEY SAID , I SANG WITH MORE PASSION THAN THE ORIGINAL BON JOVIE

    THE BEST PART WAS MANY YOUNG WOMEN THOUGHT I SANG IT FOR THEM-- AND THEY WERE TRYING TO ENGAGE IN MENTAL COPULATION AFTER THAT TILL THE SEMINAR GOT OVER

    MY WIFE HAD ONCE WARNED ME ABOUT THIS --SHE SAID NEVER LOOK INTO THE EYES OF A WOMEN EVEN BY MISTAKE WHEN YOU SING ROMANTIC SONGS --IT SCARS THEIR HEART

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mMXHK4hOdMo

    capt ajit vadakayil
    ..























  • http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.in/2017/12/sox-and-nox-emissions-from-ships.html

    INDIA REFUSES TO BE "ALICE IN WONDERLAND " ANY MORE...

    WE DONT NEED LECTURES FROM WHITE MEN...

    PUT THIS COMMENT IN THE WEBSITES OF--
    PMO
    PM MODI
    SHIPPING MINISTER
    COAL MINISTER
    FOOD MINISTER
    CJI
    LAW MINISTER
    HOME MINISTER
    DEFENCE MINISTER
    ENVIRONMENT MINISTER
    SMRITI IRANI ( TELL HER TO LEARN HER JOB )
    SUSHMA SWARAJ
    SWAMY
    GURUMURTHY
    YOGI ADITYANATH
    AND WEBSITES OF DESH BHAKTS


    Below: 25 KG DUMB BELLS.     I AM CAREFUL WITH MY SPINE --     IT IS DANGEROUS TO HOLD 50 KILOS AWAY ( SWAYING MOTION ) FROM YOUR SPINAL COLUMN AT AN OLD AGE 

    AT THE AGE OF 61 WHEN MEN HALF YOUR AGE CANNOT DO HALF OF WHAT YOU DO IN DOUBLE THE TIME -   -IT MEANS YOU HAVE ENOUGH TESTOSTERONE 

    IN OLDEN DAYS WHEN A BUNCH OF DRUNKEN SOLDIERS SAW A BUNCH OF DRUNKEN SAILORS COMING FROM THE OPPOSITE SIDE OF THE ROAD AT MIDNIGHT--THEY WOULD RUN FOR THEIR LIVES 




    YES I GOT TO SEE A VIDEO OF CAPTAIN AJIT VADAKAYIL I AM SO HAPPY




    1. yaa those are heavy dumbbells great powerlifting exercise!! awesome.

    2. TAKE TWO 25 LITRE BUCKETS


      FILL UP WITH WATER



      CUSHION THE HANDLE GRIP AND TRY DOING WHAT I DID



      IF YOU CAN DO HALF OF WHAT I DO-- I WILL GIVE YOU PURASKAAAR WITH GIFT HAMPER ( YOU CAN TIE UP 25 ONE LITRE BOTTLES OF WATER FOR 25 KILOS -- HAVE TWO OF THEM --ONE FOR EACH HAND )
    IN THE POST BELOW , WHEN I WROTE ABOUT WHIPPING THE GORA ASSES OF THREE HUGE BEEFY WHITE BRITISH MEN IN THE GYM -- NOBODY BELIEVED ME




    Below: 15 KG DUMB BELLS


    Dear Captain,

    Greetings.
    You are a true Hulk. That's insane.. Hats off to you.

    In the second video... of 15 Kgs.. Does that exercise, help build Triceps ?
    You had earlier mentioned that the opposite gender like Triceps in men.

    Grace & Peace,




    1. I WOULD HAVE DONE MORE WITH THAT 15 KG DUMB BELL--AND WITH A HEAVIER WEIGHT

      BUT THIS EXERCISE IF NOT DONE PROPERLY CAN TEAR YOUR LIGAMENT AND PERMANENTLY AFFECT THE SHOULDER SOCKET

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.in/2016/03/supraspinatus-tenindosis-capt-ajit.html

      capt ajit vadakayi
      ..
    Captain Ajit Sir, i request to you if will write a blog post for today's millions of youth who follow your blogpost. You are a MahaMeru sir in all walks of life. Your experience wud be amazing for young fans like me.
    BTW, your Point break movie review was more soul liberating than the entire movie.
    Pls sir.




    1. ONCE MY SHIP RECEIVED AN AIS FOR THE BRIDGE JUST BEFORE DEPARTURE PORT SAID --AFTER THE CANAL TRANSIT

      I OPENED THE CARTON CHECKED IT AND GAVE INSTRUCTIONS THAT THE SERBIAN ELECTRICAL OFFICER SHOULD FIT IN IN THE MORNING--AFTER TALKING TO ME ON THE PHONE

      NEXT MORNING I WENT UP ON THE BRIDGE AND FOUND THE CARTON MISSING

      MY RUSSIANS CHIEF OFFICER TOLD ME THAT HE SAW HIS TURKISH QUARTER MASTER THROWING AN EMPTY CARTON OVERBOARD AT 0530 AM--AND PROBABLY IT WENT OVERBOARD

      I SAID--BUT THE INSTRUMENT INSIDE WEIGHS A GOOD 8 KILOS-- HE SHOULD HAVE SURELY FELT IT

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lDssS7n-VYA


      MY RUSSIAN CHIEF OFFICER ( VERY INTELLIGENT GUY ) SAID -- THIS TURKISH SAILOR AS STRONG AS A BULL -- AND HE HAS OBSCENE BICEPS 

      I KNEW HE WAS PROTECTING THAT DUMB FELLOW

      I LET IT PASS -AND ASKED THE COMPANY FOR ANOTHER ONE ( EXPENSIVE )

      THE NEXT DAY I WAS TAKING A ROUND ON DECK -- 

      THE TURKISH BOSUN CAME TO ME AT THE WORKSHOP AND TOLD ME " SIR, THE TURKISH QUARTERMASTER IS SO STRONG THAT HE BROKE THE HUGE CAST IRON VICE WITH HIS BARE HANDS"

      MY CHIEF OFFICER AND ME LOOKED AT EACH OTHER--I ASKED HIM TO REPORT TO ME AT THE SPOT

      THAT CAST VICE COULD BE BROKEN ONLY BY A BLOW FROM A HUGE SLEDGE HAMMER 

      WHEN BULL CAME I TOLD HIM-- ( MANY PEOPLE WERE LISTENING ) --

      I WILL BE ASKING CHIEF ENGINEER TO MAKE A 25 KILO DUMB BELL . IN THE NEXT BOAT AND FIRE DRILL ,IN FRONT OF THE WHOLE CREW --WE BOTH WILL HAVE A CONTEST OF STRENGTH 

      AFTER 3 DAYS --JUST 5 MINUTES BEFORE I CALLED THE MUSTER-- CHIEF OFFICER TOLD ME " MR BULL DOES NOT WANT TO HAVE THIS CONTEST , AND HE SAID HE IS PRETENDING TO BE SICK "

      I LET IT BE !
      CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL WAS A POWERFUL CAPTAIN AT SEA -- 


      BECAUSE MY CREW KNEW-- "THIS CAPTAIN WILL NEVER THROW THE RULE BOOK AT YOU AND DEPRIVE YOU OF BREAD ON THE TABLE OF YOUR FAMILY -- HE WOULD RATHER BEAT THE DAYLIGHTS OUT OF YOU IF PUSH CAME TO SHOVE"
      INDEED

      CAPT STEVAN SEGAL IS MORE POWERFUL THAN CAPT MAHATMA GANDHI

      capt ajit vadakayil
      ..







  • Your video made my day . I am so happy and amazed by your powerlifting skill.....
    Regards

  • GIRLS DONT GET IMPRESSED BY POWER LIFTING

    THEY MUST GET THE FEELING THAT YOU HAVE THE GMT ( GAAND MEIN TATTI ) TO IMPALE THEM AND CARRY THEM AROUND SAYING "LOOK MA NO HANDS" BY SHEER PP ( PRICK POWER )


    capt ajit vadakayil
    ..





  • Its nice to see your live video , wow its great , in ancients times it was not possible for ordinary men to lift the Bows and Maze of the Gods !!!

  • WHEN I SAID MY YOUNGER SON IS 43 KILOS HEAVIER THAN ME--YOU CAN IMAGINE WHAT A POWERHOUSE HE IS , RIGHT?

  • Hi capt,

    Great videos! The deadly look at the end towards photographer, Rhonte khade ho gaye! did he challenge you?




    1. THE DEAL WAS 30 PUMPS -- I JUST ASKED IS IT OK ?





  • hahahaha definitely sir i accept ur challenge i will start training to reach to ur level of fitness someday, this will b one of my new year resolution 

  • KHABARDHAAAR

    WEAR TIGHT UNDIES

    LEST YOU HAVE TO SLING YOU BALLS OVER YOUR SHOULDERS--TO PREVENT STEPPING ON IT

    OUCCH   OOOUUCCHHH


  • CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL ( 30 years in command )
    ..